But the Church of Norway changed course and began sanctioning same-sex weddings in early For these reasons, they maintained that consensual intimacy between adults should not be regulated and that marriage should be disestablished as a cultural institution. In a majority of Australians voted for same-sex marriage in a nonbinding referendum. The legislation gave same-sex couples the right to marry, divorce and adopt children. By the following decade, polls indicated that roughly one-half of British citizens approved of legalizing same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom ; such marriages were legalized in England and Wales in , and Scotland followed suit in In others, the broad spectrum of notions about sexuality and the purpose of marriage is compounded by national pluralism and a tendency for secularism and religiosity to intersect in complex and unexpected ways. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the earlier district court decision that declared Proposition 8 invalid.
Proponents of the first view believe that the primary goal of marriage is to provide a relatively uniform social institution through which to produce and raise children. The pace of state legislative action quickened in The long-dominant Christian Democratic Party, traditionally allied with the Catholic Church, was out of power when the parliament passed the measure. Civil unions have been permitted in Uruguay since , and gay and lesbian couples were given adoption rights in The law went into effect July 1, In November , voters in Maine approved a ballot measure legalizing same-sex marriage. In some parts of the world, such as those plagued by war or natural disasters, same-sex marriage is simply not an urgent matter. For yet another group of polities, such as Switzerland and many U. In Uruguay became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex civil unions nationwide; the legislation became effective the following year. In , the parliament also granted same-sex partners the right to adopt children. The law took effect and same-sex couples began marrying in Scotland in December By the end of , the number of states where such marriages were legal had reached 35—more than twice as many as at the beginning of the year. The New Jersey legislature chose to create civil unions in , which gave same-sex couples the same legal rights as married, opposite sex couples. No reduction in the rate of attempted suicide among children occurred in a particular state until that state recognized same-sex marriage. Although advocates of the referendum quickly sought to contest the decision, it was upheld by a federal appeals court in February Vermont became the first state where the legislature, without judicial mandate, passed a statute to allow same-sex marriage. In response, several Brazilian states separately opted to allow for same-sex marriages, which were considered valid throughout Brazil, before the National Council of Justice approved a resolution in ensuring that such unions could be registered anywhere in the country. That the same act was evaluated so differently by various groups indicates its importance as a social issue in the early 21st century; it also demonstrates the extent to which cultural diversity persisted both within and among countries. The new law in England and Wales, which was a priority for British Prime Minister and Conservative Party leader David Cameron, allowed gay and lesbian couples to marry beginning March 29, United States In the United States the question of whether couples of the same sex should be allowed to marry has roiled politics since at least The Lutheran-affiliated Church of Sweden, to which roughly three-quarters of all Swedes belong, has offered blessings for same-sex partnerships since January In spite of vigorous opposition from the Catholic Church and evangelical Protestant churches, the measure passed both houses of the Argentine legislature and was signed into law by President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. The Unitarian Universalist churches and the gay-oriented Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches fully accepted same-sex marriage. Conversely, other cultures essentially denied the existence of same-sex intimacy, or at least deemed it an unseemly topic for discussion of any sort. This makes Australia the 26th nation in the world that allows same-sex couples to marry, according to Pew Research Center. Outside Europe, some jurisdictions also adopted some form of same-sex partnership rights; Israel recognized common-law same-sex marriage in the mids the Israeli Supreme Court further ruled in that same-sex marriages performed abroad should be recognized , and same-sex civil unions went into effect in New Zealand and in parts of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, and Mexico in the early 21st century.
Video about laws on same sex marriage:
The moment Parliament said yes to same-sex marriage
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