The internal organs of the male reproductive system, also called accessory organs, include the following: Testosterone also is important in the development of male characteristics, including muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, bone mass and sex drive. This is the rate-limiting step of steroidogenesis in all tissues. It has three parts: Testosterone is produced by the gonads by the Leydig cells in testes in men and by the ovaries in women , although small quantities are also produced by the adrenal glands in both sexes.
This tissue contains thousands of large spaces that fill with blood when the man is sexually aroused. Also called Cowper's glands, these are pea-sized structures located on the sides of the urethra just below the prostate gland. Female menopause is marked by changes in hormone production. It functions in the carrying and storage of the sperm cells that are produced in the testes. The prostate gland located near the top of the urethra releases a fluid that is much more alkaline. For many men, hormone production may remain normal into old age, while others may have declining hormone production earlier on, sometimes as a result of an illness, such as diabetes. The purpose of the organs of the male reproductive system is to perform the following functions: The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. Epididymis — The epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. These external structures include the penis , scrotum, and testicles. The prostate gland contributes additional fluid to the ejaculate. Ejaculatory ducts — These are formed by the fusion of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicles. Prostate fluids also help to nourish the sperm. Can "male menopause" be treated? The organs of the male reproductive system are specialized for the following functions: Special muscles in the wall of the scrotum allow it to contract tighten and relax, moving the testicles closer to the body for warmth and protection or farther away from the body to cool the temperature. This fluid serves to lubricate the urethra and to neutralize any acidity that may be present due to residual drops of urine in the urethra. This skin is sometimes removed in a procedure called circumcision. These chambers are made up of special, sponge-like tissue. The fluid from each of these glands along with the sperm is called semen. Penis — The penis is the male organ for sexual intercourse. Whether decreasing testicular function contributes to such symptoms as fatigue, weakness, depression or impotence often remains uncertain. As the penis fills with blood , it becomes rigid and erect, which allows for penetration during sexual intercourse. There are also several conditions that cause the body to produce too much testosterone. This is the rate-limiting step of steroidogenesis in all tissues. If a man is healthy, he may be able to make sperm well into his 80s or longer.
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Sex Change Surgery, Male to Female
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