The remainder of this introduction examines the literature on two major aspects of partnering careers affecting low-income black families: Thus, caution should be taken with regard to generalizing findings, especially statistical estimates, to any larger population. In a review of the literature on remarriage, Sweeney called for further analysis of the institutionalization of repartnering. This information provides context for future work examining the experiences of mothers, children, and cohabiting fathers in these families. Their analysis included all women aged 15—44; some women would have eventually gone to additional cohabitations. Serial Cohabitation An ethnographic study by Dunlap, Golub and Johnson described a family formation process among low-income Black urban families they referred to as transient domesticity. Children were interviewed separately from their mothers. Excluding these participants left a total of ninety families included in the analysis. The ten careers included were chosen to illustrate a range of experiences.
Many of the respondents were recruited in government subsidized housing projects. We concluded that there is neither a single common trajectory nor even a few common paths. Possible reasons for not providing complete relationship information include inability to remember, an unwillingness to think about painful experiences participants were told and reminded that they could skip any questions they wanted to for any reason without penalty , participant fatigue during a lengthy section of the questionnaire, or a combination of the three. Conceivably, respondents with more extensive relationship histories could have been more likely to not provide complete data. It was presumed that if transient domesticity was commonplace that the pattern involving a rapid succession of short partnerships would be obvious. The remainder of this introduction examines the literature on two major aspects of partnering careers affecting low-income black families: Others were excluded because of incomplete information. All names reported in this paper are pseudonyms chosen by the participants. Each mother provided informed consent and a pseudonym that is not her real name. Edin and Nelson found that low-income men were similarly motivated by their excitement about fatherhood and the possibilities that it holds, despite their difficult circumstances and an awareness of their limited prospects for future economic success also see Roy, In a review of the literature on remarriage, Sweeney called for further analysis of the institutionalization of repartnering. Lastly, participants were asked about any children they had with partners other than those already listed and any non-biological children they accepted to raise as their own. Based on this prior research on serial cohabitation and repartnering, we would expect that cohabiting careers among our sample of low-income Black mothers would be characterized by a succession of short cohabitations that follow closely after each other. There was much variation across careers to support identification of a simple typology with a few categories. In the broader literature, successive partnering is generally referred to as serial cohabitation. Consequently, when men are in short supply, as they are in many low-income Black communities due to high rates of imprisonment and mortality, marriage will be less common and greater rates of cohabitation, non-exclusivity, and relationship dissolution will occur. The theory of unbalanced sex ratios predicted that cohabitations would be more common than marriage, relationships would be short, and that many women would have substantial gaps between relationships. Consequently, estimates of the number of prior relationships and amount of time spent in prior relationships could be biased downward. Implications for having a new resident father and child development are discussed. In sum, their work indicated that more than 1 in every 8 women will experience serial cohabitation over the course of her life. Twelve families in which the father was the custodial parent were excluded from the analysis. This information provides context for future work examining the experiences of mothers, children, and cohabiting fathers in these families. Cohen and Manning used the NSFG to estimate that serial cohabitation increased rapidly across recent birth cohorts; women born —72 were nearly three times as likely This analysis has two other major limitations that affect the generalizability of results. The selection criteria for this study are highly specific. In this process, relationships tended not to involve marriage, partnerships tended to be short lived, mothers tended to retain custody of any children, and new partnerships tended to follow soon after one ended. Children provided their own informed assent and a pseudonym for the study.
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